Northern Pike can grow to a large size and are a carnivorous fish. They average between 28 and 47 inches (70 - 120 cm) in length. The majority of pike are an olive green color and fade into yellow and then eventually to white on the belly. They have bar shaped spots along their sides and often on their fins as well. Their fins can also be red in color.
Rainbow Trout are distinguished by a pronounced reddish stripe along the lateral line, from the mouth to the tail and is more pronounced in breeding males. Rainbow trout spawn in fresh water and migrate to the ocean to mature. Freshwater trout average between 1 to 5lbs (.5 to 2.25kgs) and lake dwelling trout can get as large as 20lbs (9kgs).
Arctic Grayling are freshwater fish. They live in large cold water lakes and rivers, and return to shallow rocky streams to spawn. They are characterized by the large colorful dorsal fin, which is used to attract a mate and beautiful coloring. The average weight of the Arctic Grayling is between 2 to 5 lbs (.9 to 2.3 kgs). The average lifespan of a graying is 32 years, allowing them to spawn several times during their life.
Pink salmon, also known as humpback salmon, are a silver color when they live in the ocean. Upon returning to fresh water, the belly of the fish turns a yellow-grey color and their back turns light grey. They are characterized by black gums and and large black spots on the back. During the spawning period the male fish develops a large hump back. Pink salmon have an average weight of 4.8 lbs (2.2 kgs).
The chum salmon, known as dog salmon or Keta salmon, have a more expansive body than most salmon species. In the ocean, Chum have a silvery blue-green color, light colored belly, and indefinite spotting of a darker shade. In fresh water, their belly color darkens and their body turns to dark olive green. When spawning, purple streaks develop on their belly and get progressively darker towards their tail. Chum salmon weigh 9.7 to 22 lbs (4.4 to 10 kgs) on average.
The silver salmon, or coho salmon, have silver sides and a deep blue back while residing in the ocean. When returning to their spawning site, their backs develop spots and bellies turn dark, their sides turn bright-red, head & back turn bluish-green. Adults that have reached maturity will develop a marked red color, with females being slightly darker than males and both will have hooked nose. Silver salmon weigh 7 to 11 lbs (3 to 5 kgs) on average.
The sockeye salmon, also referred to as red or blueback, are blue tinted with silver while residing in the ocean. Upon returning to their spawning grounds, their bodies turn red and heads turn green. Juvenile sockeye, known as fry, reside in freshwater for up to three years before migrating to the ocean. They then spend anywhere from one to three years in the ocean before returning to their original place of spawning. Sockeye salmon weigh 5 to 15 lbs (2.3 to 7 kgs) on average.
King salmon are available through Riversong fly fishing excursions. King salmon (Chinook salmon) spawn in fresh water and then travel to the ocean for maturity. They will spend anywhere from one to eight years in the Pacific before returning to their birthplace to spawn. King salmon rely solely on fat reserves upon arrival to fresh waters, which makes them highly prized for their unusually abundant levels of Omega-3 fatty acids. King salmon on average weigh 10 to 50 lbs (4.5 to 23 kgs).